Gaming PC build guide

This is our main gaming PC build guide; the set of components we’d recommend to anyone wanting to put together a new system that balances pricing and performance. Unfortunately, it can make for a depressing read right now, all thanks to the continuing GPU drought. Essentially, graphics cards are still horrendously over-priced whenever they’re available, undermining any sense of value for money right now.

Despite all this, we’re looking at a system with a target price of around $1,000, and that’s where the rest of our build sits for the prospective $400 Nvidia GeForce RTX 3060 Ti that we would recommend for this level of system. And while It’s possible to pick up everything aside from the GPU today, the graphics card really is the beating heart of any gaming PC, and that makes it difficult to recommend a full build without basing your new rig around a GPU. 

The other part of the picture is the processor, and for now, the Ryzen 5 5600X is the best option. At least it is until the Intel Core i5 12400 and B660 motherboards are readily available—something that should happen any day now. In the meantime, the 5600X is a great gaming chip that will last you well. 

We only recommend hardware we’d want in our own gaming PCs and everything listed here is kit we’ve tested ourselves. If this isn’t quite what you’re looking for, also check out our budget PC build guide and high-end PC build guide. Or even get someone else to build it for you with a cheap gaming PC deal. 


AMD’s top affordable, and available, Zen 3 CPU today


Cores: 6

Threads: 12

Base Clock: 3.7GHz

Boost Clock: 4.6GHz

Overclocking: Yes

L3 Cache: 32MB

TDP: 65W

PCIe 4.0 lanes: 20

Reasons to buy

Awesome gaming performance


Great value for money


Decent overclocking potential


Wraith Stealth included

Reasons to avoid

$50 more than 3600X

… 3600X came with a better cooler

When it comes to gaming, everything that’s great about the 5900X rings true for this more affordable Zen 3 chip as well. There’s nothing between any of the Ryzen 5000 chips in games, which means you’ll hit the same frame rates with this chip as you will the much more expensive chip. Which is incredible when you think about it—top-tier performance from the most affordable Zen 3 CPU? We’ll say yes to that every single day.

This does have half the core count of that top chip, rolling in as it does with 6 cores and 12 threads. This is only an issue with those more serious workloads, though, and this is more than sufficient for more reasonable stuff. You could argue that gaming could go beyond the 12-threads we have here, but there’s no evidence that is the case so far, and that’s even though the next-gen consoles are rocking 8-cores and 16-threads. 

The Ryzen 5 5600X also bucks the Ryzen 5000 family’s trend by shipping with a Wraith Stealth cooler, so you don’t have to drop extra money on a third-party chiller. You don’t need to, but if you do, you’ll hit higher clocks for longer and also open up the wonderful world of overclocking, which could make it worthwhile. This is a decent little overclocker, and while it won’t affect gaming much, it’ll help in other areas nicely.

Read the full AMD Ryzen 5 5600X review.


The best B550 motherboard


Form factor: ATX

Memory support: 4x DIMM, up to 128GB, up to DDR4-4600

Expansion slots: 2x PCIe 4.0 x16, 1x PCIe 3.0 x4

Storage: 2x M.2, 6x SATA 6Gbps

Networking: Intel WiFi 6, Intel 2.5Gb ethernet, Bluetooth 5.1

Rear USB: 3x USB 3.2 Gen 2, 4x USB 2.0

Reasons to buy

Extensive feature set


Build quality


Top-end networking

Reasons to avoid

Pricey for a B550 board

Stock-clock performance is unremarkable

Sure, the Asus ROG Strix B550-E isn’t the cheapest motherboard for a Ryzen 5 5600X chip, but it offers a huge amount of potential room for your PC to grow in the future. It’s a premium motherboard, with all the trappings you’d expect from Asus’ Republic of Gamers stables, such as 14+2 power stage, M.2 heatsinks, and pre-installed backplates. You also get Wi-Fi 6 wireless networking as well as Intel 2.5Gb ethernet too. And RGB LEDs, of course.

Performance too is typically good for a high-end Asus board, matching X570 motherboards for gaming performance without issue. The Asus ROG Strix B550-E Gaming is the whole package then, and right now is our all-around pick for the best B550 motherboard. 

Please read our full Asus ROG Strix B550-E Gaming review.


A GPU that can take on the RTX 2080 Super… and win


GPU Cores: 4,865

Base Clock: 1,410MHz

Boost Clock: 1,665MHz

TFLOPS: 16.2

Memory: 8GB GDDR6

Memory Clock: 14GT/s

Memory Bandwidth: 448GB/s

Reasons to buy

4K performance


Decent ray tracing performance


Great cooler

Reasons to avoid

Impossible to find…

…stupidly expensive if you do

The obvious problem is that it’s borderline impossible to find a new RTX 3060 Ti right now, especially for anything near the $399 reference price of the mighty Founders Edition. But the RTX 3060 Ti is still the GeForce card that we would opt for, all things being equal.

It marks the same incredible generational leap in performance that has come to epitomize the Ampere architecture, up until the non-TI GeForce RTX 3060, that is. With performance that can often outpace the RTX 2080 Super, for a nominal $399 price tag, it’s the mid-range card to beat.

And, because of its RTX 2080 Super performance levels, that means you can nail 1080p and 1440p frame rates, but also that 4K at 60fps isn’t beyond the realms of possibility for this GPU. The RTX 3060 Ti then delivers gaming performance that’s rather stupendous when you look at generational gains over even the RTX 20-series—next to the 10-series, it’s quite frightening, actually.

Read our full Nvidia GeForce RTX 3060 Ti review.


Corsair Vengeance LPX 16GB (2x8GB) DDR4-3200

The best value RAM you can get


Capacity: 2x 8GB

Speed: 3200MT/s

Timings: 15-17-17-35

Voltage: 1.35V

Reasons to buy

High frequencies on a budget


Low latency too

Memory is pretty straightforward these days, though if the price isn’t much higher you can improve performance slightly with faster RAM. DDR4 prices have thankfully galvanized somewhat, with typical costs for 16GB often falling well below $100. There are many options to choose from: Adata, Ballistix, Corsair, Crucial, G.Skill, GeIL, Gigabyte, Hynix, HyperX, Micron, Mushkin, Patriot, PNY, Samsung, Team, and XPG are all good brands as far as we’re concerned.

Our main goal for gaming memory is DDR4-3000 or higher, with as low a CAS latency as possible, but at a good price. It doesn’t make a lot of sense to buy extreme memory for a mainstream build, but with DDR4-3200 only costing $10 more than basic DDR4 kits, it’s worth paying a little extra for AMD builds.

For more information, check out our guide to the best gaming DDR4 RAM options in 2020.

Primary Storage

Fast, reliable, and affordable storage


Capacity: 512GB

Interface: M.2 PCIe 3.0 x4

Sequential IO: 3,400/2,000MB/s read/write

Random IO: 510K/500K IOPS read/write

Reasons to buy

Great for OS and applications


Snappy performance


Great value

Reasons to avoid

Not big enough for many games

An NVMe M.2 SSD offers swift access to your data, and the Addlink S70 delivers that snappy response at an exceptionally agreeable price. Fitted with 512GB worth of NAND flash, there’s enough space for your operating system, applications, and a handful of games, too.

A single M.2 SSD offers flexibility when it comes to future upgrades, such as a SATA drive, second NVMe SSD, or high-capacity HDD—that’s why we recommend picking up a capable one from the get-go and planning ahead to your next storage upgrade for a little more freedom with upcoming game installs.

If you’re looking for other SSD options, then be sure to check out our guide on the best SSD for gaming.

Additional Storage

WD Black 1TB (Optional)

The quickest regular HDD, offering storage on a budget


Capacity: 1TB

HDD speed: 7200RPM

Cache: 32GB

Connectivity: SATA 6Gb/s

Warranty: 5 years

Reasons to buy

A cheaper storage option


Great reliability for a HDD


High capacity for files less often accessed

Given the install sizes of most modern PC games, it’s probably a good idea to get yourself a new drive for your gaming PC. While SATA SSDs are almost cheap enough to recommend as secondary storage (what a world we’re living in), you’ll probably look to a regular HDD to keep the cost down when you hit multiple terabyte demands.

We recommend the WD Black drive because it’s a 7,200RPM drive with a respectable 32GB cache, which offers 1TB of storage for about $70 or less. While you could get a WD Blue or Seagate Barracuda for less, the WD Black offers speed and reliability over capacity. Realistically, you’ll appreciate that speed if you’re planning to keep your HDD inside a gaming PC for more than a couple of years, as we already see load times creep up for the biggest games of 2022. 


Corsair TX650M 650W

Highly reliable and efficient power without going overkill


Output: 650W

Efficiency: 80 Plus Gold

Connectors: 1x 24-Pin ATX, 1x 8-Pin (4+4) EPS12V, 4x 8-Pin (6+2) PCIe, 6x SATA, 4x Molex, 1x Floppy

Modular: Partial

Reasons to buy

Good efficiency and price


Sane output rating


All Japanese capacitors

Power supplies are not the most exciting part of a gaming PC build. After all, it can be hard to tell them apart in terms of features. Even so, you don’t want to skimp on your PSU. Corsair has an excellent and well-deserved reputation for its power supplies, and the TX650M comes at a reasonable price and delivers 80 Plus Gold efficiency.

Most power supplies from the bigger names are generally good, but we wouldn’t recommend that you put your money in anything with a warranty of fewer than five years or an efficiency rating below 80 Plus Gold (maybe Bronze in a pinch). The $10 or $20 saved often isn’t worth the risk.

We also tend to go with modular PSUs where possible. It means less cable mess inside the case since you don’t have to stash unused cables somewhere. Instead, the remaining wires have to find a home in your closet.

Here’s our guide to the best power supplies for PC gaming.



Clean design and great cable management


Type: ATX mid-tower

Motherboard Compatibility: ATX, Micro-ATX, Mini-ITX

Drive Bays: (Up to 7) 3.5/2.5-inch internal , 2x 2.5-inch SSD

Front Ports: 1x USB-C, 1x USB 3.0, Headphone, Mic

Fan Options: Front: 2x 120mm or 2x 140mm, Top: 120mm (included) or 140mm, Rear: 120mm (included)

Max GPU Length: 381mm

Dimensions: 460 x 210 x 428mm

Weight: 6.6kg

Reasons to buy

Tempered glass side panel


Plenty of expansion options


USB-C front panel connector

Cases can be as stylish or boring as you want. We’re going to go for the former rather than the latter, with the NZXT H510, a slick, tempered glass case available in white or black. The NZXT H510 is also reasonably priced, which is always a bonus. 

If you want other options, check our guide to the best mid-tower cases. The clean look goes well on any desk and doesn’t stand out like many so-called ‘gaming cases.’ There’s also the pricier H510i that integrates some smart features if you like the look of the H510 but want a few more bells and whistles.

Picking a case can be an entirely personal choice, so for more options, here are the best PC cases you can buy right now.


Source: PC Gamer

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